Buffalo Skin, Calf Leather, Printed Calf
(Grained Leather, Epi Leather)
It has excellent malleable properties and is easy to style according to shoe shape. It is one of the most common leather materials used.
This type of leather is not water-resistant, is prone to stain & water damage, and risks the possibility of discoloration. When exposed to rain, dry with a cloth as soon as possible. If severely soaked, put newsprint paper into the shoes to absorb water and prevent it from warping. Store in a cool dry place. High-temperature drying methods (i.e., a hair dryer) should never be used, which may cause the leather to harden, crack, or warp. Light stains can be cleaned with a dry cloth.
Suede has a soft velvet-like feel. Although difficult to maintain, it still remains a popular use choice. Compared with other leathers, suede is prone to discoloration under abrasion. It is especially prone to staining and warping when exposed to water and care must be taken to prevent clothes from being color-stained by colors running from suede.
Suede stains easily and it is susceptible to absorb moisture and form mildew. It must be carefully maintained and used. Brush the surface with a suede brush to remove dust particles. For oil-based or dirt stains, add a small amount of leather protection cream to a cloth and then wipe (Do not apply the protection cream directly to the leather) Repeat and wipe again. Some leathers may discolor, so we suggest to test wipe (with cotton swabs) on less visible areas (such as the inside or corners) before wiping. When caring for your leather, it is essential to use a specialized leather protection cream. Minor scuffs and scratches on the surface of fine leather are unavoidable with use. Use a clean hand to rub the scratches lightly. The heat and natural oil from your hands will cause the marks to slightly disappear.
Lamb Skin Nappa
Nappa has a nice soft feel, and touch with excellent breathability, and is flexible and strong at the same time. Lamb Nappa is the finest product in the whole category.
Wipe with soft cloth. If necessary, specialized erasers can be used to remove stains. Minor scuffs and scratches on the surfaces of fine leather are unavoidable with use ; however, use a clean hand to rub the scratches slightly. The heat and natural oil from your hands will cause the marks to slightly disappear. Leather protection cream should not be used. It may cause oil stains or water spots. Gently remove stains using suede erasers, then apply specialized cleaner to the whole surface and allow it to dry. Treat with water and moisture repellant before storage. The above care measures must be taken with each use.
Wool fabric - Flannel, Tweed
Wool fabric is not water-resistant, and is prone to water damage. When exposed to rain, dry with a cloth as soon as possible. If severely soaked, put newsprint paper into the shoes to absorb water and prevent it from warping. High-temperature drying methods (i.e., a hair dryer) should never be used, which may cause the material to deform, losing consistency. For daily and long-lasting care, store in a cool dry place and brush the surface regularly to remove dust particles.